Additions to the original John's gospel

Additions to the original John's gospel

Front page: Jesus, a historical reconstruction (with website search function)
You may email the author, and learn more about him here
Note: all emphases are mine.

Note:
For a good understanding, this page should be read after:
Firstly, as the introductory page:
'John's gospel, from original to canonical'
Secondly, as arranged in blocks, for an overview of the successive changes:
'The gospels according to "John"'
And finally:
'The complete text of the original John's gospel'

Access to the segments of this page may be done from the many poke points of the two previous aforementioned ones.
Furthermore, explanations about the added or relocated blocks, such as delineation or justification, already given in the preceding pages, will not be repeated here.



"Mx" Addition to Version M (the original John's gospel)

Written and inserted before Luke's gospel was known

Legend:
- {...}: suspected later addition; also may be a note set in the margin and relocated in the body of the text later on.

M9:
The Last Supper (part 2) (15:1-17:26)

15:1 "I am the true vine, and My Father is the vinedresser.
15:2 "Every branch in Me that does not bear fruit He takes away; and every branch that bears fruit He prunes, that it may bear more fruit.
15:3 "You are already clean because of the word which I have spoken to you.
15:4 "Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in Me.
15:5 "I am the vine, you are the branches. He who abides in Me, and I in him, bears much fruit; for without Me you can do nothing.
15:6 "If anyone does not abide in Me, he is cast out as a branch and is withered; and they gather them and throw them into the fire, and they are burned.
15:7 "If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, you will ask what you desire, and it shall be done for you.
15:8 "By this My Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit; so you will be My disciples.
15:9 "As the Father loved Me, I also have loved you; abide in My love.
15:10 "If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love, just as I have kept My Father's commandments and abide in His love.
15:11 "These things I have spoken to you, that My joy may remain in you, and that your joy may be full.
[1John1:4 "And these things we write to you that your joy may be full."
See also Jn16:24]
15:12 "This is My commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you.
[1John3:23 "And this is His commandment: that we should ... love one another, as He [God] gave us commandment."]
15:13 "Greater love has no one than this, than to lay down one's life for his friends.
15:14 "You are My friends if you do whatever I command you.
15:15 "No longer do I call you servants, for a servant does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for all things that I heard from My Father I have made known to you.
15:16 "You did not choose Me, but I chose you and appointed you that you should go and bear fruit, and that your fruit should remain, that whatever you ask the Father in My name He may give you.
15:17 "These things I command you, that you love one another.
15:18 "If the world hates you, you know that it hated Me before it hated you.
15:19 "If you were of the world, the world would love its own. Yet because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you.
15:20 "Remember the word that I said to you, 'A servant is not greater than his master.' If they persecuted Me, they will also persecute you. If they kept My word, they will keep yours also.
15:21 "But all these things they will do to you for My name's sake, because they do not know Him who sent Me.
15:22 "If I had not come and spoken to them, they would have no sin, but now they have no excuse for their sin.
15:23 "He who hates Me hates My Father also.
15:24 "If I had not done among them the works which no one else did, they would have no sin; but now they have seen and also hated both Me and My Father.
15:25 "But this happened that the word might be fulfilled which is written in their law, 'They hated Me without a cause.'
15:26 "But when the Helper comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify of Me.
15:27 "And you also will bear witness, because you have been with Me from the beginning.
16:1 "These things I have spoken to you, that you should not be made to stumble.
16:2 "They will put you out of the synagogues; yes, the time is coming that whoever kills you will think that he offers God service.
16:3 "And these things they will do to you because they have not known the Father nor Me.
16:4 "But these things I have told you, that when the time comes, you may remember that I told you of them. And these things I did not say to you at the beginning, because I was with you.
16:5 "But now I go away to Him who sent Me, and none of you asks Me, 'Where are You going?'
16:6 "But because I have said these things to you, sorrow has filled your heart.
16:7 "Nevertheless I tell you the truth. It is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I depart, I will send Him to you.
16:8 "And when He has come, He will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:
16:9 "of sin, because they do not believe in Me;
16:10 "of righteousness, because I go to My Father and you see Me no more;
[It is clear that no reapparition to the disciples is anticipated. And the "Helper", the "Spirit of Truth", is not to be administered by Jesus himself]
16:11 "of judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged.
16:12 "I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now.
16:13 "However, when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth; for He will not speak on His own authority, but whatever He hears He will speak; and He will tell you things to come.
16:14 "He will glorify Me, for He will take of what is Mine and declare it to you.
16:15 "All things that the Father has are Mine. Therefore I said that He will take of Mine and declare it to you.
<L6 16:16-23a>
16:23b "Most assuredly, I say to you, whatever you ask the Father in My name He will give you.
16:24 "Until now you have asked nothing in My name. Ask, and you will receive, that your joy may be full.
16:25 "These things I have spoken to you in figurative language; but the time is coming when I will no longer speak to you in figurative language, but I will tell you plainly about the Father.
16:26 "In that day you will ask in My name, and I do not say to you that I shall pray the Father for you;
16:27 "for the Father Himself loves you, because you have loved Me{, and have believed that I came forth from God}.
[A very likely later addition, because the disciples start to believe the same three verses later (16:30). The insertion was probably done when it became inadmissible that, up to the last day, the disciples did not think Jesus came from heaven & God]
16:28 "I came forth from the Father and have come into the world. Again, I leave the world and go to the Father."
16:29 His disciples said to Him, "See, now You are speaking plainly, and using no figure of speech!
16:30 "Now we are sure that You know all things, and have no need that anyone should question You. By this we believe that You came forth from God."
16:31 Jesus answered them, "Do you now believe?
[Believing in pre-existence and future resurrection:
The original gospel ending gives the impression Peter does not believe the resurrection even after he sees the empty tomb (20:7-8). Before, at Jn6:69, "[the disciples] have come to know that You are the Holy One of God." (NASB) but that does not mean they acknowledge Jesus as pre-existent, just as being the Christ (as long as he lives!).
Consequently, it seems the preceding verses were written to make a "correction" and "prove" the disciples finally believe Jesus as coming from heaven (& God) and going back to heaven (& God), at the last hour (before the arrest), rather late than never!]
16:32 "Indeed the hour is coming, yes, has now come, that you will be scattered, each to his own, and will leave Me alone.
[Why would "John" add that (16:32)?
At verse 16:30, the disciples have become true believers. But then, the (original) gospel was ending at 20:10 "Then the disciples went away again to their own homes."
Even if (allegedly) the disciples finally believe 'Jesus is from God', "John" mentioned again the dispersion, probably to have the two (belief & fact) seem compatible. Also, "John" added up the disowning, most likely because it was known in the community (and Jesus, who now "know all things"!).
However, "John" did not provide any explanation on why the disciples would be ardent believers and still "abandon" the Son of God!]
` And yet I am not alone, because the Father is with Me.
16:33 "These things I have spoken to you, that in Me you may have peace. In the world you will have tribulation; but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world."

17:1 Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said: "Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You,
17:2 "as You have given Him authority over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as You have given Him.
17:3 "And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.
17:4 "I have glorified You on the earth. I have finished the work which You have given Me to do.
17:5 "And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.
17:6 "I have manifested Your name to the men whom You have given Me out of the world. They were Yours, You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word.
17:7 "Now they have known that all things which You have given Me are from You.
17:8 "For I have given to them the words which You have given Me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came forth from You; and they have believed that You sent Me.
17:9 "I pray for them. I do not pray for the world but for those whom You have given Me, for they are Yours.
17:10 "And all Mine are Yours, and Yours are Mine, and I am glorified in them.
17:11 "Now I am no longer in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep through Your name those whom You have given Me, that they may be one as We are.
17:12 "While I was with them in the world, I kept them in Your name. Those whom You gave Me I have kept; and none of them is lost except the son of perdition, that the Scripture might be fulfilled.
17:13 "But now I come to You, and these things I speak in the world, that they may have My joy fulfilled in themselves.
17:14 "I have given them Your word; and the world has hated them because they are not of the world, just as I am not of the world.
17:15 "I do not pray that You should take them out of the world, but that You should keep them from the evil one.
17:16 "They are not of the world, just as I am not of the world.
17:17 "Sanctify them by Your truth. Your word is truth.
17:18 "As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world.
17:19 "And for their sakes I sanctify Myself, that they also may be sanctified by the truth.
17:20 "I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will believe in Me through their word;
17:21 "that they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You sent Me.
17:22 "And the glory which You gave Me I have given them, that they may be one just as We are one:
17:23 "I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in one, and that the world may know that You have sent Me, and have loved them as You have loved Me.
17:24 "Father, I desire that they also whom You gave Me may be with Me where I am, that they may behold My glory which You have given Me; for You loved Me before the foundation of the world.
17:25 "O righteous Father! The world has not known You, but I have known You; and these have known that You sent Me.
17:26 "And I have declared to them Your name, and will declare it, that the love with which You loved Me may be in them, and I in them."



"L" additions to Version Mx

Written and inserted after Luke's gospel was known and before 'Acts' appeared

Legend:
- Italics: part of Version Mx (shown here for clarity)
- Words in red added because of relocations in Version L
- {...}: suspected later addition; also may be a note set in the margin and relocated in the body of the text later on.


1:49 Nathanael answered and said to Him, "Rabbi, You are the Son of God! {You are the King of Israel!}"
["King of Israel" was likely written later and may have been inspired by Lk19:38 or/and Ac1:6. Originally, "John" did not want Jesus to look as a would-be earthly king (Jn18:36)]

2:12 After this He went down to Capernaum, He, {His mother, His brothers,} and His disciples; and they did not stay there many days.
[The mention of "mother" and "brothers", with no explanation on why they would go to Capernaum (with Jesus and disciples), is highly suspect. Likely inserted during the pro-feminist Version L, to show Jesus cared about his mother. As for the brothers, according to Mk3:31-32, Mary is seen travelling with her sons!]

2:13 Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
[Insertion required because of the reshuffling of existing material in Version L]

2:20 Then the Jews said, "It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days?"
2:21 But He was speaking of the temple of His body.

[GLuke (3:1) dating of John the Baptist's appearance is either misleading or wrong (as explained in "Appendix A"). As a consequence, latter followers of JohnB might have raised doubts about the truthfulness of GLuke (or any other Christian writings). Then "John" would have tried to set things right in order to bring some credibility. Furthermore, Jn2:20 seems a digression off the main point, which is having Jesus' resurrection replacing the temple. Let's also notice there is NO answer (by Jesus) to the question!]

2:22 {Therefore, when He had risen from the dead, His disciples remembered that He had said this to them; and they believed the Scripture and the word which Jesus had said.}
[Consequent of (all) the disciples believing Jesus had resurrected: Versions L & A]


L1:
Jesus and John the Baptist, the Samaritan woman and the nobleman's son (3:22-4:54)

3:22 After these things Jesus and His disciples came into the land of Judea, and there He remained with them and baptized.
3:23 Now John also was baptizing in Aenon near Salim, because there was much water there. And they came and were baptized.
3:24 For John had not yet been thrown into prison.
["John" knew that JohnB was arrested not a long time after the Passover (40 days? Mk1:12-14, Lk4:2,14)]
3:25 Then there arose a dispute between some of John's disciples and the Jews about purification.
3:26 And they came to John and said to him, "Rabbi, He who was with you beyond the Jordan, to whom you have testified; behold, He is baptizing, and all are coming to Him!"
3:27 John answered and said, "A man can receive nothing unless it has been given to him from heaven.
3:28 "You yourselves bear me witness, that I said, 'I am not the Christ,' but, 'I have been sent before Him.'
3:29 "He who has the bride is the bridegroom; but the friend of the bridegroom, who stands and hears him, rejoices greatly because of the bridegroom's voice. Therefore this joy of mine is fulfilled.
3:30 "He must increase, but I must decrease.
3:31 "He who comes from above is above all; he who is of the earth is earthly and speaks of the earth. He who comes from heaven is above all.
3:32 "And what He has seen and heard, that He testifies; and no one receives His testimony.
3:33 "He who has received His testimony has certified that God is true.
3:34 "For He whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for God does not give the Spirit by measure.
3:35 "The Father loves the Son, and has given all things into His hand.
3:36 "He who believes in the Son has everlasting life; and he who does not believe the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him."
[Let's note the above verse is allegedly said by John the Baptist. However, the author of 1John proclaimed about the same:
1Jn5:12 "He who has the Son has life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have life."]
4:1 Therefore, when the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus made and baptized more disciples than John
4:2 {(though Jesus Himself did not baptize, but His disciples)},
[The Son of God lowering himself to be only a baptizer is not theologically correct. However, one has to wonder: why would the crowds be attracted by "ordinary" people (Jesus' disciples)?]
4:3 He left Judea and departed again to Galilee.

4:4 But He needed to go through Samaria.
4:5 So He came to a city of Samaria which is called Sychar, near the plot of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph.
4:6 Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied from His journey, sat thus by the well. It was about the sixth hour.
4:7 A woman of Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her, "Give Me a drink."
4:8 For His disciples had gone away into the city to buy food.
[Who witnessed and reported the words between Jesus and the woman? The disciples are gone!]
4:9 Then the woman of Samaria said to Him, "How is it that You, being a Jew, ask a drink from me, a Samaritan woman?" For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans.
4:10 Jesus answered and said to her, "If you knew the gift of God, and who it is who says to you, 'Give Me a drink,' you would have asked Him, and He would have given you living water."
4:11 The woman said to Him, "Sir, You have nothing to draw with, and the well is deep. Where then do You get that living water?
4:12 "Are You greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well, and drank from it himself, as well as his sons and his livestock?"
4:13 Jesus answered and said to her, "Whoever drinks of this water will thirst again,
4:14 "but whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him will never thirst. But the water that I shall give him will become in him a fountain of water springing up into everlasting life."
4:15 The woman said to Him, "Sir, give me this water, that I may not thirst, nor come here to draw."
4:16 Jesus said to her, "Go, call your husband, and come here."
4:17 The woman answered and said, "I have no husband." Jesus said to her, "You have well said, 'I have no husband,'
4:18 "for you have had five husbands, and the one whom you now have is not your husband; in that you spoke truly."
4:19 The woman said to Him, "Sir, I perceive that You are a prophet.
4:20 "Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, and you Jews say that in Jerusalem is the place where one ought to worship."
4:21 Jesus said to her, "Woman, believe Me, the hour is coming when you will neither on this mountain, nor in Jerusalem, worship the Father.
4:22 "You worship what you do not know; we know what we worship, for salvation is of the Jews.
4:23 "But the hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth; for the Father is seeking such to worship Him.
4:24 "God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth."
4:25 The woman said to Him, "I know that Messiah is coming" {(who is called Christ)}. "When He comes, He will tell us all things."
[the expression is the same, word by word, as appearing in Mt1:16, and might be a late import]
4:26 Jesus said to her, "I who speak to you am He."
4:27 And at this point His disciples came, and they marveled that He talked with a woman; yet no one said, "What do You seek?" or, "Why are You talking with her?"
4:28 The woman then left her waterpot, went her way into the city, and said to the men,
4:29 "Come, see a Man who told me all things that I ever did. Could this be the Christ?"
4:30 Then they went out of the city and came to Him.
4:31 In the meantime His disciples urged Him, saying, "Rabbi, eat."
4:32 But He said to them, "I have food to eat of which you do not know."
4:33 Therefore the disciples said to one another, "Has anyone brought Him anything to eat?"
4:34 Jesus said to them, "My food is to do the will of Him who sent Me, and to finish His work.
4:35 "Do you not say, 'There are still four months and then comes the harvest'? Behold, I say to you, lift up your eyes and look at the fields, for they are already white for harvest!
4:36 "And he who reaps receives wages, and gathers fruit for eternal life, that both he who sows and he who reaps may rejoice together.
4:37 "For in this the saying is true: 'One sows and another reaps.'
4:38 "I sent you to reap that for which you have not labored; others have labored, and you have entered into their labors."
4:39 And many of the Samaritans of that city believed in Him because of the word of the woman who testified, "He told me all that I ever did."
4:40 So when the Samaritans had come to Him, they urged Him to stay with them; and He stayed there two days.
4:41 And many more believed because of His own word.
4:42 Then they said to the woman, "Now we believe, not because of what you said, for we ourselves have heard Him and we know that this is indeed the Christ, the Savior of the world."

4:43 Now after the two days He departed from there and went to Galilee.
4:44 For Jesus Himself testified that a prophet has no honor in his own country.
[In GJohn, Jesus never previously "testified" this. Likely borrowed from GLuke & GMark:
Lk4:24 "Then He said, "Assuredly, I say to you, no prophet is accepted in his own country.""
Mk6:4 "But Jesus said to them, "A prophet is not without honor except in his own country, among his own relatives, and in his own house.""]
4:45 {So when He came to Galilee, the Galileans received Him, having seen all the things He did in Jerusalem at the feast; for they also had gone to the feast.}
[The previous verse states that Jesus would not be acknowledged in his own place of origin but 4:45 claims the opposite! Therefore, it seems this verse was likely inserted after Jn2:14-3:21 was relocated in front (Version L). In this passage, Jesus is said to have performed miraculous (but not described) signs in Jerusalem (2:23,3:2)]
4:46 So Jesus came again to Cana of Galilee where He had made the water wine. And there was a certain nobleman whose son was sick at Capernaum.
4:47 When he heard that Jesus had come out of Judea into Galilee, he went to Him and implored Him to come down and heal his son, for he was at the point of death.
4:48 Then Jesus said to him, "Unless you people see signs and wonders, you will by no means believe."
4:49 The nobleman said to Him, "Sir, come down before my child dies!"
4:50 Jesus said to him, "Go your way; your son lives." So the man believed the word that Jesus spoke to him, and he went his way.
4:51 And as he was now going down, his servants met him and told him, saying, "Your son lives!"
4:52 Then he inquired of them the hour when he got better. And they said to him, "Yesterday at the seventh hour the fever left him."
4:53 So the father knew that it was at the same hour in which Jesus said to him, "Your son lives." And he himself believed, and his whole household.
4:54 {This again is the second sign Jesus did when He had come out of Judea into Galilee.}

[This verse was likely added when the block 'Jesus cleanses the Temple and talks with Nicodemus' (2:14-3:21), with mentions of Jesus having performed many signs in Jerusalem (2:23,3:2), was relocated in front of the gospel.
The move of 2:14-3:21 was done with the insertion of 'Jesus and John the Baptist, the Samaritan woman and the nobleman's son' (3:22-4:54). At that time (Version L), 'the healing of the nobleman's son' was "the second sign" Jesus performed in Galilee; the first one being 'changing water into wine' (2:1-11).
Explanation for the two relocations:
1) How to explain the relocation of Jn2:14-3:21 (from right before Jn12:20)?
The following can be postulated:
- Extend Jesus' public life to two years or more
- Remove the "disturbance" (2:14-17) as a likely reason for Jesus' execution
2) When that was done, it became obvious that between two consecutive Passovers (2:13 (added then) and 6:4) very little is happening: only Jesus baptizing in Judea appears to be time-consuming, but could not have lasted more than JohnB's public life (known to be a few months in duration; see "Appendix A").
That would explain why Jn5:2-47 ('Jesus heals a sick at a pool in Jerusalem') was extracted from right after 7:10 and relocated (to "fill up" the almost empty (new) year)]


5:1 After this there was a feast of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
[Insertion required because of the reshuffling of existing material for Version L]

5:16 For this reason the Jews persecuted Jesus, {and sought to kill Him}, because He had done these things on the Sabbath.
[This looks to be a late insertion, because "persecuted" is already expressed. Furthermore we have later:
Jn7:19-20 "Did not Moses give you the law, yet none of you keeps the law? Why do you seek to kill Me?" The people answered and said, "You have a demon. Who is seeking to kill You?"
Jesus initiates that notion but the Jews did not. However, that will change at verse 8:59, after further "provocation" by Jesus, and more so at verses 11:49-50]

5:18 {Therefore the Jews sought all the more to kill Him, because He not only broke the Sabbath, but also said that God was His Father, making Himself equal with God.
5:19 Then Jesus answered and said to them,}
"Most assuredly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of Himself, but what He sees the Father do; for whatever He does, the Son also does in like manner.
[Theological digression. Related to 5:16]

6:2 Then a great multitude followed Him, because they saw His signs which He performed on those who were diseased.
[Inserted after Jn2:14-3:21 & Jn5:1-47 were relocated in front. In these passages, Jesus is said to have performed miraculous signs in Jerusalem (this verse is also associated with 4:45)]

6:59 {These things He said in the synagogue as He taught in Capernaum.}

6:71 {He spoke of Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, for it was he who would betray Him, being one of the twelve.}
[The evil disciple's name is revealed later in Jn13:18-27, with suspense and theatrics. But one (unnamed) evil disciple is mentioned (6:70,13:21) before that. Consequently, name droppings of this Judas are later insertions (Jn6:71,12:4,6,13:2)]

7:1 After these things Jesus walked in Galilee; {for He did not want to walk in Judea, because the Jews sought to kill Him.}
[Inserted after Jn5:1-47 (with its aforementioned additions Jn5:16p,18) was relocated in front, explaining why Jesus would have mortal enemies in Jerusalem]

7:3 His brothers therefore said to Him, "Depart from here and go into Judea, that Your disciples also may see the works that You are doing.
[Inserted with the addition of 'Jesus and John the Baptist, the Samaritan woman and the nobleman's son' (3:22-4:54), explaining why Jesus would have many disciples there (Jn4:1 "[in Judea] Jesus made and baptized more disciples than John" (but still did not see his "works"!).
Let's note here the brothers are certain Jesus performed miraculous feats; but in the next two verses, written earlier (Version M), they are doubting:
7:4 "For no one does anything in secret while he himself seeks to be known openly. If You do these things, ..."]

7:25 Now some of them from Jerusalem said, {"Is this not He whom they seek to kill?}
[According to 7:20, quoted earlier, the Jews are not looking (yet) to kill Jesus. See further explanations on verse 5:16]

7:39 {But this He spoke concerning the Spirit, whom those believing in Him would receive; for the Holy Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.}
[This verse is related to Jn20:21-23, the disciples receiving the Holy Spirit]

7:50 Nicodemus {(he who came to Jesus by night,} being one of them) said to them,
[Inserted after Jn2:14-21 was relocated in front, or possibly before that, as cross-reference. See also 11.2]


L2:
Abraham's bosom (8:56-58)

8:56 "Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad."
8:57 Then the Jews said to Him, "You are not yet fifty years old, and have You seen Abraham?"
[Abraham's bosom and life expectancy:
At a few verses earlier, the same Jews think Abraham is dead (8:52-53 "... Abraham is dead ... our father Abraham, who is dead ..."), but here, they assume the patriarch is alive! Therefore, it seems verses 8:56-58 were added after GLuke was known. In this gospel, the parable of the rich man and Lazarus (Lk16:19-31) features Lazarus, as a good man, going, after his death, to Abraham's side.
In those days of high mortality, people were not expected to be alive at their fiftieth birthday and therefore (the good ones, after death) would see the patriarch before they reach fifty.
How to explain the addition? Probably to show the Jews consider Jesus as a good man (as Lazarus), despite their disbelief]
8:58 Jesus said to them, "Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM."


9:22 His parents said these things because they feared the Jews, for the Jews had agreed already that if anyone confessed that He was Christ, he would be put out of the synagogue.
9:23 Therefore his parents said, "He is of age; ask him."

[An out-of-context digression, most likely a later insertion (as for Jn12:42-43 on the same topic).
This may be a reference to the efforts of Gamaliel II around 90C.E. However the evictions from synagogues might have started locally even earlier (Jn16:2)]


L3:
Jesus resurrects Lazarus (11:1-57)
(very convoluted!)

11:1 Now a certain man was sick, Lazarus of Bethany, the town of Mary and her sister Martha.
11:2 {It was that Mary who anointed the Lord with fragrant oil and wiped His feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick.}
[Because the anointment happens later, this looks very much to have been a margin (cross-reference) note made by a user of the gospel]
11:3 Therefore the sisters sent to Him, saying, "Lord, behold, he whom You love is sick."
11:4 When Jesus heard that, He said, "This sickness is not unto death, but for the glory of God, that the Son of God may be glorified through it."
[But it did later (sickness causing death)! "John" seems to be juggling about the notion of (real) death of believer and the promise from the original gospel: the believer does not die/perish and has eternal/everlasting life (3:15-16, 6:49-51, 6:58, 8:51 & 10:27-28). See also verses 11:11-14]
11:5 Now Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus.
11:6 So, when He heard that he was sick, He stayed two more days in the place where He was.
11:7 Then after this He said to the disciples, "Let us go to Judea again."
11:8 The disciples said to Him, "Rabbi, lately the Jews sought to stone You, and are You going there again?"
11:9 Jesus answered, "Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the light of this world.
11:10 "But if one walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him."
11:11 These things He said, and after that He said to them, "Our friend Lazarus sleeps, but I go that I may wake him up."
11:12 Then His disciples said, "Lord, if he sleeps he will get well."
11:13 {However, Jesus spoke of his death, but they thought that He was speaking about taking rest in sleep.}
[Not realistic at all! How could the disciples think Jesus was reporting on Lazarus having a snooze!
"John" is trying to explain that, for a Christian, death is a (long) sleep within an everlasting life, because resurrection to eternity is "assured". Consequently, the promise of 'no death' from the original gospel is maintained!]
11:14 Then Jesus said to them plainly, "Lazarus is dead.
[Finally, some three verses later, we learn that "asleep" means "dead"! And it took ten verses to go from "[Lazarus] not unto death" to "Lazarus is dead"!
It seems our author took a lot of time to prepare his audience for the (new) fact, a believer in Jesus may die]
11:15 "And I am glad for your sakes that I was not there, that you may believe. Nevertheless let us go to him."
11:16 Then Thomas, who is called the Twin, said to his fellow disciples, "Let us also go, that we may die with Him."
[Thomas' odd remark is meant to show that death is not to be feared (because the future resurrection is expected, as in Jn11:24, a few verses later). But more importantly, because the gospel of Thomas expounds the concept 'the true faithful will not die', the verse might be directed to the "Thomassan" sectarians: if Thomas is willing (& not afraid) to die, why should you have (dubious) expectation of not dying?]
11:17 So when Jesus came, He found that he had already been in the tomb four days.
11:18 {Now Bethany was near Jerusalem, about two miles away.}
[The gospel has a few accurate architectural & geographical details, likely to come from someone who knew Jerusalem before its destruction. But that does not make GJohn reliable regarding "doings" and discourses!]
11:19 And many of the Jews had joined the women around Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their brother.
11:20 Then Martha, as soon as she heard that Jesus was coming, went and met Him, but Mary was sitting in the house.
11:21 Then Martha said to Jesus, "Lord, if You had been here, my brother would not have died.
["John" is showing here Jesus is thought to be able to heal the sick, but not raise the dead. See also 11:37]
11:22 "But even now I know that whatever You ask of God, God will give You."
11:23 Jesus said to her, "Your brother will rise again."
11:24 Martha said to Him, "I know that he will rise again in the resurrection at the last day."
[A very common Christian belief then, but never in evidence in the original gospel, where simply the believer does not "die"]
11:25 Jesus said to her, "I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me, though he may die, he shall live.
11:26 "And whoever lives and believes in Me shall never die. Do you believe this?"
[Hard to believe indeed, if the believer "shall never die", but "may die" anyway (11:25). "Though he may die" is meant to take in account the obvious: Christians did die. Our author may have tried here to reconcile the initial "never die" belief with the "correction", "he may die"]
11:27 She said to Him, "Yes, Lord, I believe that You are the Christ, the Son of God, who is to come into the world."
11:28 And when she had said these things, she went her way and secretly called Mary her sister, saying, "The Teacher has come and is calling for you."
11:29 As soon as she heard that, she arose quickly and came to Him.
11:30 Now Jesus had not yet come into the town, but was in the place where Martha met Him.
11:31 Then the Jews who were with her in the house, and comforting her, when they saw that Mary rose up quickly and went out, followed her, saying, "She is going to the tomb to weep there."
11:32 Then, when Mary came where Jesus was, and saw Him, she fell down at His feet, saying to Him, "Lord, if You had been here, my brother would not have died."
[An exact repeat of Martha's words in 11:21!]
11:33 Therefore, when Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who came with her weeping, He groaned in the spirit and was troubled.
11:34 And He said, "Where have you laid him?" They said to Him, "Lord, come and see."
11:35 Jesus wept.
11:36 Then the Jews said, "See how He loved him!"
11:37 And some of them said, "Could not this Man, who opened the eyes of the blind, also have kept this man from dying?"
11:38 Then Jesus, again groaning in Himself, came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone lay against it.
11:39 Jesus said, "Take away the stone." Martha, the sister of him who was dead, said to Him, "Lord, by this time there is a stench, for he has been dead four days."
11:40 Jesus said to her, "Did I not say to you that if you would believe you would see the glory of God?"
11:41 Then they took away the stone from the place where the dead man was lying. And Jesus lifted up His eyes and said, "Father, I thank You that You have heard Me.
[Here (and next verse), with the Son as a conduit, it appears only God has the power to resurrect (as in 5:21a "For as the Father raises the dead"). That will change in Version A]
11:42 "And I know that You always hear Me, but because of the people who are standing by I said this, that they may believe that You sent Me."
11:43 Now when He had said these things, He cried with a loud voice, "Lazarus, come forth!"
11:44 And he who had died came out bound hand and foot with graveclothes, and his face was wrapped with a cloth. Jesus said to them, "Loose him, and let him go."
11:45 Then many of the Jews who had come to Mary, and had seen the things Jesus did, believed in Him.
11:46 But some of them went away to the Pharisees and told them the things Jesus did.
11:47 Then the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered a council and said, "What shall we do? For this Man works many signs.
11:48 "If we let Him alone like this, everyone will believe in Him, and the Romans will come and take away both our place and nation."
11:49 And one of them, Caiaphas, being high priest that year, said to them, "You know nothing at all,
11:50 "nor do you consider that it is expedient for us that one man should die for the people, and not that the whole nation should perish."
11:51 {Now this he did not say on his own authority; but being high priest that year he prophesied that Jesus would die for the nation,
11:52 and not for that nation only, but also that He would gather together in one the children of God who were scattered abroad.}
[A digression with (Gentile) theological connotations]
11:53 Then, from that day on, they plotted to put Him to death.
11:54 Therefore Jesus no longer walked openly among the Jews, but went from there into the country near the wilderness, to a city called Ephraim, and there remained with His disciples.
11:55 And the Passover of the Jews was near, and many went from the country up to Jerusalem before the Passover, to purify themselves.
11:56 Then they sought Jesus, and spoke among themselves as they stood in the temple, "What do you think; that He will not come to the feast?"
11:57 Now both the chief priests and the Pharisees had given a command, that if anyone knew where He was, he should report it, that they might seize Him.


L4:
Jesus is anointed in Bethany (12:1p-11)

12:1 Then, six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus was who had been dead, whom He had raised from the dead.
12:2 There they made Him a supper; and Martha served, but Lazarus was one of those who sat at the table with Him.
12:3 Then Mary took a pound of very costly oil of spikenard, anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped His feet with her hair. And the house was filled with the fragrance of the oil.
12:4 Then one of His disciples, {Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, who would betray Him,} said,
12:5 "Why was this fragrant oil not sold for three hundred denarii and given to the poor?"
12:6 {This he said, not that he cared for the poor, but because he was a thief, and had the money box; and he used to take what was put in it.}
12:7 But Jesus said, "Let her alone; she has kept this for the day of My burial.
12:8 "For the poor you have with you always, but Me you do not have always."
[Other insertions about Judas the traitor & money man, before he is "officially" revealed with great fanfare & theatrics at 13:21-30!]
12:9 Now a great many of the Jews knew that He was there; and they came, not for Jesus' sake only, but that they might also see Lazarus, whom He had raised from the dead.
12:10 But the chief priests plotted to put Lazarus to death also,
12:11 because on account of him many of the Jews went away and believed in Jesus.


L5:
Lazarus' resurrection is remembered (12:17-19)

12:17 Therefore the people, who were with Him when He called Lazarus out of his tomb and raised him from the dead, bore witness.
12:18 For this reason the people also met Him, because they heard that He had done this sign.
12:19 "The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, "You see that you are accomplishing nothing. Look, the world has gone after Him!""


12:13 took branches of palm trees and went out to meet Him, and cried out: "Hosanna! 'Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD! {' The King of Israel!}"
["King of Israel" was likely written later (as already explained for 1:49]

12:42 Nevertheless even among the rulers many believed in Him, but because of the Pharisees they did not confess Him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue;
12:43 for they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.

[As for Jn9:22-23, this may be a reference to the efforts of Gamaliel II around 90C.E. However the evictions from synagogues might have started locally even earlier (Jn16:2)]

13:2 (NASB) During supper, (NKJV) {the devil having already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray Him,}
13:3 Jesus, {knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands, and that He had come from God and was going to God,}
[Another suspected theological annotation]
13:4 rose {from supper} and laid aside His garments, took a towel and girded Himself.

14:26 "But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all things that I said to you."
[The insertion ("the Holy Spirit") is subsequent to GLuke being known (more so Lk4:18a,24:49), and the Holy Spirit being sent to the disciples (Jn20:22). In the Jn13:1-14:31ff passage, please note 'Helper' (14:16,26) and 'Spirit of truth' (14:17) occur, but nowhere else 'Holy Spirit'.
Also, in the pre-Lukan addition of Version Mx (Jn15:1-17:26), 'Holy Spirit' does not appear but 'Spirit of truth' and 'Helper' occur as follows: 15:26, & 16:13 and 15:26 &16:7.
Again, let's notice in Version Mx that the Father will send the Spirit. In Jn20:22, written later, it is the resurrected Jesus who does that]


L6:
The prophesied reappearances to the disciples (16:16-23a)

16:16 "A little while, and you will not see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me, because I go to the Father."
16:17 Then some of His disciples said among themselves, "What is this that He says to us, 'A little while, and you will not see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me'; and, 'because I go to the Father'?"
16:18 They said therefore, "What is this that He says, 'A little while'? We do not know what He is saying."
16:19 Now Jesus knew that they desired to ask Him, and He said to them, "Are you inquiring among yourselves about what I said, 'A little while, and you will not see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me'?
16:20 "Most assuredly, I say to you that you will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice; and you will be sorrowful, but your sorrow will be turned into joy.
16:21 "A woman, when she is in labor, has sorrow because her hour has come; but as soon as she has given birth to the child, she no longer remembers the anguish, for joy that a human being has been born into the world.
16:22 "Therefore you now have sorrow; but I will see you again and your heart will rejoice, and your joy no one will take from you.
16:23 "And in that day you will ask Me nothing.


18:13 And they led Him away to Annas first, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas who was high priest that year.
[With 18:24, this insertion is meant to indicate Annas was also the high priest. More info on the introductory page]
18:14 {Now it was Caiaphas who advised the Jews that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.}

[Another typical cross-reference, pointing to 11:49-50]

18:24 Then Annas sent Him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.
[As explained for 18:13]

18:38 Pilate said to Him, "What is truth?" And when he had said this, he went out again to the Jews, and said to them, "I find no fault in Him at all.
[As in Lk23:4 "So Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowd, "I find no fault in this Man.""
In the following verses, let's notice the evolution in the thinking of Pilate, being swayed more and more by the crowd (according to "Luke"):
Lk23:14 "... I have found no fault in this Man concerning those things of which you accuse Him;"
Lk23:22 "... I have found no reason for death in Him. ..."
However, in GJohn, there is no graduation, just a repeat of "I find no fault in Him" (three times), as shown next]

19:4 Pilate then went out again, and said to them, "Behold, I am bringing Him out to you, that you may know that I find no fault in Him."
[Pilate had Jesus flogged at 19:1 (as in Mk15:15 but never in GLuke). This is not indicative Pilate considers Jesus as without fault!]

19:6 Therefore, when the chief priests and officers saw Him, they cried out, saying, "Crucify Him, crucify Him!" Pilate said to them, "You take Him and crucify Him, for I find no fault in Him."
[Only the Romans were allowed to crucify anyone. Asking the Jews to crucify Jesus themselves is preposterous]

19:20 Then many of the Jews read this title, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; {and it was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin.}
[Let's consider the two following verses:
Jn19:19-20 NASB " Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written ['grapho' in Greek], ""JESUS THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE JEWS.''
Therefore many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written
['grapho'] in Hebrew, Latin and in Greek.
The segment in bold characters is located awkwardly:
Why would Latin be required for the inscription to be read by the Jews? Or is the segment unrelated to the fact "many of the Jews read this inscription"?
The literary structure would have been much better as follows (and make more sense!):
"Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written in Hebrew, Latin and in Greek, ""JESUS THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE JEWS."''
Therefore many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city."

How to explain the very strange construction?
My hypothesis is as follows:
Someone noted in the margin "written in Hebrew ... Greek", with "written" meant to show the location in the text: right after the existing "written" of 19:19. However a copyist, not understanding this, put the whole annotation (with 'grapho' in it) at the end of the next sentence (an awkward location but seemingly the best one available)]


L7:
The women and the "beloved disciple" at the crucifixion (19:25-27)

19:25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.
19:26 When Jesus therefore saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing by, He said to His mother, "Woman, behold your son!"
19:27 Then He said to the disciple, "Behold your mother!" And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home.


L8:
Jesus reappears to Mary Magdalene and the disciples (20:11-23)

20:11 But Mary stood outside by the tomb weeping, and as she wept she stooped down and looked into the tomb.
20:12 And she saw two angels in white sitting, one at the head and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.
[At the empty tomb, the women witness:
Mk16:5 "... a young man clothed in a long white robe sitting on the right side ..."
(GMatthew has one angel at the tomb Mt28:2-5)
Lk24:4b "... two men stood by them in shining garments."
Conclusion: "John" likely knew GLuke then]
20:13 Then they said to her, "Woman, why are you weeping?" She said to them, "Because they have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid Him."
20:14 Now when she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, and did not know that it was Jesus.
20:15 Jesus said to her, "Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you seeking?" She, supposing Him to be the gardener, said to Him, "Sir, if You have carried Him away, tell me where You have laid Him, and I will take Him away."
20:16 Jesus said to her, "Mary!" She turned and said to Him, "Rabboni!" (which is to say, Teacher).
20:17 Jesus said to her, "Do not cling to Me, for I have not yet ascended to My Father; but go to My brethren and say to them, 'I am ascending to My Father and your Father, and to My God and your God.'"
20:18 Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that He had spoken these things to her.
20:19 Then, the same day at evening, being the first day of the week,
[The author is thinking in Roman (Gentile) day, not Jewish day, which ends at sunset]
when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled, for fear of the Jews,
[Why have Jesus, despite the locked doors, still getting inside when the author intended to prove that Christ resurrected in a human body form (see next verses)? Only ghost could do that! And that's exactly what the disciples first believe they see (a ghost) in Lk24:37 when Jesus reappears to them in a room.
In other words, "John" was trying to explain why, according to GLuke, the disciples thought of seeing a ghost: because Jesus manages to enter a locked room! "John" attempted to repair the damage caused by Lk24:13 and remove any idea Jesus then looked like a ghost]
`
Jesus came and stood in the midst, and said to them, "Peace be with you."

20:20 When He had said this, He showed them His hands and His side. Then the disciples were glad when they saw the Lord.
20:21 So Jesus said to them again, "Peace to you! As the Father has sent Me, I also send you."
20:22 And when He had said this, He breathed on them, and said to them, "Receive the Holy Spirit.
20:23 "If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained."



"A" additions to Version L

Written and inserted after 'Acts' was known and before the "beloved disciple" died

Legend:
1) Italics: part of Version Mx (shown here for clarity).
2) {...}: suspected later additions; also may be a note set in the margin and relocated in the body of the text later on.


5:22 "For the Father judges no one, but has committed all judgment to the Son,
[Related with 5:25-30; see next]


A1:
Jesus will judge and raise the dead (5:25-30)

5:25 "Most assuredly, I say to you, the hour is coming, and now is, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God; and those who hear will live.
5:26 "For as the Father has life in Himself, so He has granted the Son to have life in Himself,
5:27 "and has given Him authority to execute judgment also, because He is the Son of Man.
5:28 "Do not marvel at this; for the hour is coming in which all who are in the graves will hear His voice
5:29 "and come forth; those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation.
5:30 "I can of Myself do nothing. As I hear, I judge; and My judgment is righteous, because I do not seek My own will but the will of the Father who sent Me.


6:39 "This is the will of the Father who sent Me, that of all He has given Me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up at the last day.
[In the next verses 6:40, 6:44 & 6:54), let's notice it is also a given the believers (with eternal/everlasting life) will die. But the perishing/dying is not a possibility in 3:15-16, 6:47-51, 6:58 & 10:27-28, also featuring eternal/everlasting life for the faithful]
6:40 " And this is the will of Him who sent Me, that everyone who sees the Son and believes in Him may have everlasting life; and I will raise him up at the last day."
6:44 " No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up at the last day.
6:54 " Whoever eats My flesh and drinks My blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day.

12:25-26 "He who loves his life will lose it, and he who hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal life.
If anyone serves Me, let him follow Me; and where I am, there My servant will be also. If anyone serves Me, him [My] Father will honor.

[Totally out-of-context within a passage dealing with "the hour" and the Son of Man only. It seems an insertion suggesting the faithfuls will follow the Son in heaven (after death) for that eternal life]

6:62 "What then if you should see the Son of Man ascend where He was before?
[A clear allusion to a witnessed and visible ascension. Furthermore, this verse is also an obvious insertion/digression, out-of-context with the rest]


A2:
Jesus appears to Thomas and again to the other disciples (20:24-31)

20:24 Now Thomas, called the Twin, one of the twelve, was not with them when Jesus came.
20:25 The other disciples therefore said to him, "We have seen the Lord." So he said to them, "Unless I see in His hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe."
[Doubting Thomas:
Once again, that might be directed to the "Thomassan" sectarians, who did not believe in any resurrection, according to the gospel of Thomas. Also, from the same gospel, there is no clear indication that Jesus resurrected or went to heaven after his "departure"]
20:26 And after eight days His disciples were again inside, and Thomas with them. Jesus came, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, "Peace to you!"
20:27 Then He said to Thomas, "Reach your finger here, and look at My hands; and reach your hand here, and put it into My side. Do not be unbelieving, but believing."
20:28 And Thomas answered and said to Him, "My Lord and my God!"
20:29 Jesus said to him, "Thomas, because you have seen Me, you have believed. Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed."
[The author wanted the doubters of the resurrection appearance of Jn20:21-23 to identify with Thomas!]
20:30 And truly Jesus did many other signs in the presence of His disciples, which are not written in this book;
20:31 but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.



"D" additions to Version A
(the "epilogue")

Written and added on after the "beloved disciple" died


D1:
Jesus reappears to some disciples in Galilee (21:1-25)

21:1 After these things Jesus showed Himself again to the disciples at the Sea of Tiberias, and in this way He showed Himself:
21:2 Simon Peter, Thomas called the Twin, Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two others of His disciples were together.
21:3 Simon Peter said to them, "I am going fishing." They said to him, "We are going with you also." They went out and immediately got into the boat, and that night they caught nothing.
21:4 But when the morning had now come, Jesus stood on the shore; yet the disciples did not know that it was Jesus.
21:5 Then Jesus said to them, "Children, have you any food?" They answered Him, "No."
21:6 And He said to them, "Cast the net on the right side of the boat, and you will find some." So they cast, and now they were not able to draw it in because of the multitude of fish.
[The only other miraculous fishing in the gospels is in GLuke 5:6-7]
21:7 Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter, "It is the Lord!" Now when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he put on his outer garment (for he had removed it), and plunged into the sea.
21:8 But the other disciples came in the little boat (for they were not far from land, but about two hundred cubits), dragging the net with fish.
21:9 Then, as soon as they had come to land, they saw a fire of coals there, and fish laid on it, and bread.
21:10 Jesus said to them, "Bring some of the fish which you have just caught."
21:11 Simon Peter went up and dragged the net to land, full of large fish, one hundred and fifty-three; and although there were so many, the net was not broken.
21:12 Jesus said to them, "Come and eat breakfast." Yet none of the disciples dared ask Him, "Who are You?"; knowing that it was the Lord.
21:13 Jesus then came and took the bread and gave it to them, and likewise the fish.
21:14 This is now the third time Jesus showed Himself to His disciples after He was raised from the dead.
21:15 So when they had eaten breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, "Simon, son of Jonah, do you love Me more than these?" He said to Him, "Yes, Lord; You know that I love You." He said to him, "Feed My lambs."
21:16 He said to him again a second time, "Simon, son of Jonah, do you love Me?" He said to Him, "Yes, Lord; You know that I love You." He said to him, "Tend My sheep."
21:17 He said to him the third time, "Simon, son of Jonah, do you love Me?" Peter was grieved because He said to him the third time, "Do you love Me?" And he said to Him, "Lord, You know all things; You know that I love You." Jesus said to him, "Feed My sheep.
21:18 "Most assuredly, I say to you, when you were younger, you girded yourself and walked where you wished; but when you are old, you will stretch out your hands, and another will gird you and carry you where you do not wish."
21:19 This He spoke, signifying by what death he would glorify God. And when He had spoken this, He said to him, "Follow Me."
21:20 Then Peter, turning around, saw the disciple whom Jesus loved following, who also had leaned on His breast at the supper, and said, "Lord, who is the one who betrays You?"
21:21 Peter, seeing him, said to Jesus, "But Lord, what about this man?"
21:22 Jesus said to him, "If I will that he remain till I come, what is that to you? You follow Me."
21:23 Then this saying went out among the brethren that this disciple would not die. Yet Jesus did not say to him that he would not die, but, "If I will that he remain till I come, what is that to you?"
21:24 This is the disciple who testifies of these things, and wrote these things; and we know that his testimony is true.
21:25 And there are also many other things that Jesus did, which if they were written one by one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that would be written. Amen.

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