06 Feb 2013 
#44 When were the genuine Pauline epistles & 'Hebrews' written, relative to Paul's third journey?

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When were the genuine Pauline epistles written, relative to Paul's third journey?

Preliminary Notes:

a) '1Thessalonians' (not shown here) was written earlier, during the second journey, after Paul arrived in Corinth for the first time (late 50 to early 51) (references: 1Th1:1,2:2,17,3:1-2,6; Ac17:1,16,18:1,5). In this epistle, there are suggestions of raptures to heaven (4:16-17) and of the Sacrifice (5:9-10).
b) 'Romans' was written towards the end of the third journey, after the completion of the collection in Macedonia and Achaia, when Paul was still in Corinth (for a three months stay) and before going to Jerusalem (references: Ro1:7,15,15-26,31,16:1-2,23; 1Co1:14; Ac20:1-3). Several interpolations have been proposed for 'Romans': Ro16:25-27 is the most accepted.
c) Common themes, features and details are indicated (in Italics) for 'Hebrews' and subsequent Pauline epistles. Please consult HJ-3b for the relative dating of 'Hebrews' and Paul's letters to the Corinthians.

Here is a recapitulation, according to my studies, as explained in HJ-3b, HJ-3b extension, Appendix B, this page, and the aforementioned (nine) ones about each Corinthians & Philippians letter in blog post #43:

a) Spring 52: Paul's trip to Jerusalem from Corinth (fourteen years after the one in 38). The "council" of Jerusalem takes place then.
b) Summer and early fall 52 (or earlier): Paul spends time in Antioch (dispute with Peter) and departs (alone).
c) Fall 52 to winter 53: Paul becomes sick on his way NW and recuperates in "northern" Galatia where he makes converts.
d) Winter 53: Paul's arrival in Ephesus. He learns Apollos & Peter had visited Corinth and each one got followers at his detriment.
'1aCorinthians' written spring 53
e) Winter 53 to spring 55: Paul preaches in Ephesus for two years and three months. He feels partially abandoned by the Corinthians.
'1bCorinthians' written later in 53
'aPhilippians' written from early 53 to early 56?, likely 53-54
{'Hebrews' written (by Apollos) in 54} (pre-existence (explained) (1:1-3a,5-10,2:5-8), Sacrifice (explained) (1:3,5:8-9,7:27,9:11-15,10:1-14), (Jesus') blood (9:12,10:19,29), co-Creator of the universe (explained) (1:2,10), Moses' followers dying in the wilderness (3:16-17), home in heaven for Christians (12:22-23), atonement for sins (explained) (1:3,2:17,10:12), "Son of God" (explained) (1:5,8-9), Christians as seed and heirs of Abraham through the "promise" (2:16,6:13-17), the heavenly Jerusalem (12:22-23), Jesus offering himself for sacrifice for atonement of sins (explained) (7:27b,10:12), "at the right hand of God" (explained) (1:3,13,8:1,10:12,12:2), "firstborn" (explained) (1:6,12:23), Jesus interceding with God in behalf of Christians (explained) (7:25))
But, later, the situation improves greatly.
'1cCorinthians'
written early spring 55
(First (for Paul): pre-existence (8:6,10:4), Sacrifice (clear-cut) (5:7), (Jesus') blood (10:16), co-Creator of the universe (8:6), Moses' followers dying in the wilderness (10:2-8))
f) Spring 55: Paul's trip to Macedonia and then Corinth (2nd one here), where Paul is rejected. Likely, no collection (as planned in 1Co16:1-4) is done.
g) Summer 55 to spring 56: Paul stays in Ephesus (about nine months).
'2aCorinthians' written early spring 55 (First (for Paul): home in heaven for Christians (5:1), atonement for sins (5:19,21))
'2bCorinthians' written late spring/early summer 55
h) Spring 56: Paul's short trip to Troas and Macedonia (where Paul hears the good news from Titus) then back to Ephesus. Meanwhile a collection has been on-going in Corinth since late 55.
i) Late spring 56: The "riot" in Ephesus.
j) Late spring 56 to fall 56: Paul is imprisoned in Ephesus. The collection in Corinth is aborted.
'Philemon' and 'bPhilippians' written then
k) Fall 56: Paul is freed and goes to Macedonia (probably Philippi first).
l) Fall 56 to early spring 57: Paul visits the Macedonian Christians and then stays in Corinth (for three months; the third trip to that city). The collection is restarted and completed in Corinth.
'2cCorinthians' written fall 56 (First (for Paul): "Son of God" (1:3,19))
'Galatians' (First (for Paul): Christians as seed and heirs of Abraham through the "promise" (3:16-29), the heavenly Jerusalem (4:26), Jesus offering himself for sacrifice for atonement of sins (1:3b-4a))
'cPhilippians'
& 'Romans' written winter 57 (First (for Paul): "at the right hand of God" (8:34), "firstborn" (8:29), Jesus interceding with God in behalf of Christians (8:34))
m) Late spring 57: Paul's arrival in Jerusalem and arrest

Notes:
a) For details on '1Thessalonians' and 'Hebrews' (including dating), see 'HJ-3b'
b) For details on '1Thessalonians' (interpolations), 'Hebrews' (interpolations), 'Galatians' (including dating), and 'Romans', see 'HJ-3b extension'
c) Translation of '1Thessalonians'
d) Translation of 'Hebrews'
e) Translation of 'Philemon'
f) Translation of 'Galatians' (2:7-8, except "but to the contrary," is an interpolation as explained on this web page)
g)
Translation of 'Romans'

Cordially, Bernard

Tags: {Apollos of Alexandria} {dating} {Hebrews} {Paul} {Paul's epistles} {third journey}
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