11 Dec 2012 
#11 Who were the first leaders of the Church of Jerusalem?

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Hegesippus was a 2nd century C.E. Jewish Christian (110?-180?).  Only few excepts of his works have been preserved in patristic writings. One of them starts as such:
"James, the brother of the Lord, succeeded to the government of the Church [of Jerusalem] in conjunction with the apostles ..."
Note: you can see the full text & my comments here: James  

Shock!!! That definitively says to me James and the apostles were not the first leaders of the Church of Jerusalem and consequently they would not have started it.

But what about the gospels (1st century)?
Three out of the four canonical gospels imply/say the disciples dispersed and went back home after the Crucifixion (therefore they did not start the Church as in 'Acts'!).
- Mk 14:27-28 ""You will all fall away" Jesus told them [the disciples], "for it is written: I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered. ... I will go ahead of you into Galilee.""
- Mt 26:31-32 "Then Jesus told them, "This very night you will all fall away on account of me, for it is written: "`I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.' ... I will go ahead of you into Galilee."
- Jn 16:31-32a "But a time is coming, and has come, when you [the disciples] will be scattered, each to his own home. You will leave me all alone."
- Jn 20:10 RSV "Then the disciples went back to their homes."

Notes:
a) Jesus' alleged prophecies could not have been written if the disciples had not be known to have dispersed and gone home!
b) The quoted verses of gJohn were written before the bodily reappearances (Jn 20:10-21:2) were added on to the gospel: for justifications and details,
John's gospel, from original to canonical

So, it looks the disciples dispersed and went home (in Galilee) after the crucifixion and could not have started the Church of Jerusalem, lending credence to Hegesippus' writing.

Only gLuke and 'Acts' have the disciples staying in Jerusalem and creating the Church here. That will be examined 
next ...

Cordially, Bernard

Tags: {"Nazarenes"} {"Nazarenes" NOT having been Christians} {Church of Jerusalem} {disciples} {Hegesippus} {James} {leaders of the Church} {pillars}
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